Above — Offset mixer schematic.
In old CB radio synthesizers, engineers often used a single BJT as an offset mixer (usually they ran 1 for TX and another 1 for RX). To prevent mixer output from leaking out its AC and DC ports, we may do 2 things: well filter the DC going to the BJT — plus run common-base amps on the 2 BJT mixer inputs to provide reverse isolation for the mixer board input ports.
The VCO and VXO ports get the same common-base amp. An active low-pass (ripple filter), plus some serious decoupling + HF to VHF bypass filter the DC power line. The mixer output gets a simple, but stout, pi low-pass filter. The shunt 560 Ω resistor loads the output to stabilize the output signal + boost filtration.
Above — DSO capture with 10X probe at the output of the 1 µF capacitor. At this point the only filtration is provided by the 1n capacitor shunt to ground, so you still see some mixer products.
Above — DSO capture with 10X probe at the output of the pi low-pass filter. You’ve filtered it enough when it looks like a sine wave at the correct offset output frequency. I tested it with the project VXO and a bench signal generator.