Images are clickable (beware of 5-25Mb JPEG’s).
Colors are enhanced, in reality they are much less saturated.
PL2303HX — USB<>RS232 converter, chips like this are used in Arduino-like boards for example:
LM1117 — low-dropout linear regulator:
74HC595 — 8-bit shift register:
NXP 74AHC00 — quad 2-input NAND gate.
This is a nice example that ‘old’ tech nodes (1µm and older) are still in use. Also, note how many spare via are there for improved yield..