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App note: General overview of IR transmission in free ambient

App note: General overview of IR transmission in free ambient

Vishay’s general information about IR transmission in free ambient. Link here (PDF)


Free ambient IR data transmission, IR remote control as well as most opto-electronic sensors and light barrier systems work with an optical wavelength between 870 nm and 950 nm. The emitter and detector components are highly efficient in this near IR wavelength band and can be manufactured at low cost.
Data transmission in free space demands high interference immunity of the IR receiving modules. The receiver unit, waiting to receive signals, is bombarded with different optical and electromagnetic noise signals, which are omni-present in the ambient or generated by the electrical appliance itself. All optical sources with an emission spectrum in the reception bandwidth (830 nm to 1100 nm) of the detector can be considered as disturbance sources. These are mainly fluorescent lamps, incandescent lamps and sunlight. Many plasma displays can also produce significant emissions in the optical band of the IR transmission.